Glossary T-U

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Tenesmus (tuh-NEZ-mus)
Straining to have a bowel movement. May be painful and continue for a long time without result.

Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) (TOH-tul puh-REN-tuh-rul noo-TRISH-un)
See Parenteral Nutrition.

Tracheoesophageal Fistula (TEF) (TRAY-kee-oh-uh-SAW-fuh-JEE-ul FIST-yoo-luh)
A condition that occurs when there is a gap between the upper and lower segments of the esophagus. Food and saliva cannot pass through.

Transverse Colon (TRANZ-vurs KOH-lun)
The part of the colon that goes across the abdomen from right to left.

Travelers’ Diarrhea (TRAV-lurz dy-uh-REE-uh)
An infection caused by unclean food or drink. Often occurs during travel outside one’s own country. See also Gastroenteritis.

Triple-Therapy (TRIH-pul THEH-ruh-pee)
A combination of three medicines used to treat Helicobacter pylori infection and ulcers. Drugs that stop the body from making acid are often added to relieve symptoms.

Tropical Sprue (TRAH-pih-kul sproo)
A condition of unknown cause. Abnormalities in the lining of the small intestine prevent the body from absorbing food normally.

Tube Feeding (TOOB feeding)
See Enteral Nutrition.

Ulcer (UL-sur)
A sore on the skin surface or on the stomach lining.

Ulcerative Colitis (UL-sur-ay-tuv koh-LY-tis)
A serious disease that causes ulcers and irritation in the inner lining of the colon and rectum. See also Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD).

Upper GI Endoscopy (UH-pur jee-eye en-DAW-skuh-pee)
Looking into the esophagus, stomach and duodenum with an endoscope. See also Endoscopy.

Upper GI Series (UH-pur jee-eye SEE-reez)
X-rays of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. The patient swallows barium first. Barium makes the organs show up on X-rays. Also called barium meal.

Urea Breath Test (yoo-REE-uh breth test)
A test used to detect Helicobacter pylori infection. The test measures breath samples for urease, an enzyme H. pylori makes.

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